What is coronavirus or COVID-19?

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.  Older people and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illnesses.

The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes, and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol-based rub frequently and not touching your face. 

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow). (SOURCE: https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus#tab=tab_1).

Is coronavirus new to us?

Coronaviruses were first discovered in the 1930s when an acute respiratory infection of domesticated chickens was shown to be caused by the infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). Arthur Schalk and M.C. Hawn described in 1931 a new respiratory infection of chickens in North Dakota. The infection of new-born chicks was characterized by gasping and listlessness. The chicks' mortality rate was 40–90%. Fred Beaudette and Charles Hudson six years later successfully isolated and cultivated the infectious bronchitis virus which caused the disease. In the 1940s, two more animal coronaviruses, mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) and transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), were isolated. It was not realized at the time that these three different viruses were related.

There have also been a large number of animal coronaviruses identified since the 1960s.

Some myth related to coronavirus and it's truth.

1. Splashing chlorine or liquor on the skin slaughters infections in the body

Applying liquor or chlorine to the body can cause hurt, particularly on the off chance that it enters the eyes or mouth. Despite the fact that individuals can utilize these synthetic concoctions to sterilize surfaces, they ought not utilize them on the skin.

These items can't slaughter infections inside the body.

2. Just more established grown-ups and youngsters are in danger

SARS-CoV-2, as different coronaviruses, can contaminate individuals of all ages. In any case, more established grown-ups and people with prior wellbeing conditions, for example, diabetes or asthma, are bound to turn out to be seriously sick.

3. Kids can't get COVID-19

All age gatherings can contract SARS-CoV-2.

Up until this point, most cases have been in grown-ups, yet youngsters are not resistant. Truth be told, fundamental proof recommends that kids are similarly prone to contract it, however their side effects will in general be less extreme.

4. COVID-19 is much the same as this season's flu virus

SARS-CoV-2 causes a disease that has influenza like manifestations, for example, hurts, a fever, and a hack. Essentially, both COVID-19 and this season's flu virus can be mellow, extreme, or, in uncommon cases, lethal. Both can likewise prompt pneumonia.

Be that as it may, the general profile of COVID-19 is progressively genuine. Evaluations change, yet its death rate is by all accounts between about 1% and 3%.

Despite the fact that researchers are as yet working out the specific death rate, it is probably going to be ordinarily higher than that of regular influenza.

5. Everybody with COVID-19 bites the dust

This announcement is false. As we referenced above, COVID-19 is just lethal for a little level of individuals.

In an ongoing report, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention presumed that 80.9% of COVID-19 cases were mellow.

The WHO likewise report that around 80% of individuals will encounter a moderately mellow type of the infection, which won't require authority treatment in a medical clinic.

Mellow indications may incorporate a fever, a hack, an irritated throat, tiredness, and brevity of breath.

6. Felines and mutts spread coronavirus

At present, there is little proof to propose that SARS-CoV-2 can contaminate felines and mutts. Be that as it may, in Hong Kong, a Pomeranian whose proprietor had COVID-19 likewise gotten the infection. The pooch didn't show any side effects.

Researchers are discussing the significance of this case to the episode. For example, Prof. Jonathan Ball, an educator of atomic virology at the University of Nottingham in the United Kingdom, says:

"We need to separate between genuine disease and simply identifying the nearness of the infection. I despite everything believe it's faulty that it is so pertinent to the human flare-up, as the greater part of the worldwide episode has been driven by human-to-human transmission."

He proceeds: "We have to discover more, yet we don't have to freeze — I question it could spread to another pooch or a human due to the low degrees of the infection. The genuine driver of the flare-up is people."

7. Face veils consistently ensure against coronavirus

Medicinal services laborers utilize proficient face veils, which fit firmly around the face, to shield themselves from contamination.

Dispensable and material covers can ensure against beads, however neither can secure against aerosolized particles.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest that all individuals wear fabric face covers in broad daylight places where it is hard to keep up a 6-foot (2-meter) good ways from others. This will help moderate the spread of the infection from asymptomatic individuals and the individuals who don't realize that they have contracted it.

When wearing a veil, it is basic to proceed with different safeguards, for example, not contacting the face and rehearsing physical removing.

Careful veils and N95 respirators give more noteworthy security, yet these are saved for medicinal services laborers as it were.

8. Hand dryers murder coronavirus

Hand dryers don't execute coronavirus. The most ideal approach to shield oneself as well as other people from the infection is to wash the hands with cleanser and water or a liquor based hand rub.

9. SARS-CoV-2 is only a changed type of the normal virus

Coronaviruses are a huge group of infections, all of which have spiky proteins on their surface. A portion of these infections use people as their essential host and cause the regular virus. Different coronaviruses, for example, SARS-CoV-2, fundamentally contaminate creatures.

Both Middle East respiratory condition (MERS) and extreme intense respiratory disorder (SARS) started in creatures and went into people.

10. You must be with somebody for 10 minutes to contract the infection

The more somebody is with an individual who has it, the almost certain they are to contract the infection themselves, however it is as yet conceivable to get it in less than 10 minutes.

11. Washing the nose with saline secures against coronavirus

There is no proof to recommend that a saline nose wash secures against respiratory diseases. Some exploration recommends that this procedure may diminish the indications of intense upper respiratory tract contaminations, however researchers have not discovered that it can decrease the danger of disease.

12. You can secure yourself by swishing dye

Individuals should never place fade in their mouths. There are no conditions wherein swishing blanch may profit an individual's wellbeing. Blanch is destructive and can cause genuine harm.

13. Anti-infection agents execute coronavirus

Anti-infection agents just eliminate microbes. They don't murder infections.

14. Warm scanners can analyze coronavirus

Warm scanners can distinguish whether somebody has a fever. Be that as it may, different conditions, for example, occasional influenza, can likewise create a fever.

Also, manifestations of COVID-19 can seem 2–14 days after disease, which implies that somebody who has the infection could have a typical temperature for a couple of days before a fever starts.

15. Garlic secures against coronaviruses

Some exploration recommends that garlic may slow the development of certain types of microscopic organisms. Be that as it may, COVID-19 is brought about by an infection, and there is no proof to recommend that garlic can secure individuals against COVID-19.

16. Bundles from China can spread coronavirus

From past investigation into comparative coronaviruses, including those that cause SARS and MERS and are like SARS-CoV-2, researchers accept that the infection can't make due on letters or bundles for an all-encompassing timeframe.

The CDC clarify that "due to poor survivability of these coronaviruses on surfaces, there is likely extremely generally safe of spread from items or bundling that are sent over a time of days or weeks at encompassing temperatures."

17. Home cures can fix and ensure against COVID-19

No home cures can ensure against COVID-19. This goes for nutrient C, fundamental oils, silver colloid, sesame oil, garlic, fish tank cleaner, consuming sage, and tasting water like clockwork.

The best methodology is to receive a decent hand-washing routine and to keep away from places where there might be debilitated individuals.

18. You can get coronavirus from eating Chinese food in the US

No, you can't.

19. You can get coronavirus from pee and excrement

It is improbable this is valid, yet the jury is right now out. As per Prof. John Edmunds, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in the U.K.:

"Is anything but an extremely wonderful idea, however every time you swallow, you swallow bodily fluid from your upper respiratory tract. Indeed, this is a significant cautious instrument. This scopes infections and microorganisms down into our gut where they are denatured in the corrosive states of our stomachs."

"With current, profoundly delicate discovery components, we can identify these infections in defecation. Generally, infections we can identify thusly are not irresistible to other people, as they have been annihilated by our guts."

Be that as it may, it is important that some examination presumes that infections like SARS-CoV-2 may persevere in defecation. An ongoing examination letter in JAMA likewise reasons that SARS-CoV-2 is available in defecation.

20. The infection will vanish when temperatures ascend in the spring

Some infections, for example, cold and influenza infections, do spread all the more effectively in the colder months, yet that doesn't imply that they stop completely when conditions become milder.

The way things are, researchers don't have the foggiest idea how temperature changes will impact the conduct of SARS-CoV-2.

21. Coronavirus is the deadliest infection known to people

In spite of the fact that SARS-CoV-2 appears to be more genuine than flu, it isn't the deadliest infection that individuals have confronted. Others, for example, Ebola, have higher death rates.

22. Influenza and pneumonia antibodies can ensure against COVID-19

As SARS-CoV-2 is diverse to different infections, no current immunizations secure against disease.

23. The infection began in a research center in China

Notwithstanding web bits of gossip, there is no proof to propose this is the situation. Indeed, an ongoing report shows that the infection is a characteristic result of advancement.

A few specialists accept that SARS-CoV-2 may have hopped from pangolins to people. Others imagine that it may have gone to us from bats, which was the situation for SARS.

24. The episode started in light of the fact that individuals ate bat soup

In spite of the fact that researchers are sure that the infection began in creatures, there is no proof to propose that it originated from soup of any sort.

25. 5G helps SARS-CoV-2 spread

As the world turns out to be increasingly associated, a few districts are turning out 5G portable innovation. A heap of paranoid ideas show up any place this innovation goes.

One of the latest speculations to rise is that 5G is answerable for the quick spread of SARS-CoV-2 over the globe.

A few people guarantee that 5G helps infections impart, frequently refering to a paper from 2011. In this investigation, the creators reason that microbes can convey by means of electromagnetic signs. Be that as it may, specialists contest this hypothesis, and SARS-CoV-2 is an infection, not a bacterium.

Wuhan was one of the primary urban communities to preliminary 5G in China, which clarifies the starting point of a portion of these hypotheses. In any case, Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou likewise turned out 5G at a comparative time.

It is likewise important that COVID-19 has essentially affected nations with next to no 5G inclusion, for example, Iran.

26. Drinking liquor lessens the danger of disease

Because of a progression of legends encompassing liquor and COVID-19, the WHO discharged an announcement. In it, they clarify that despite the fact that liquor can purify the skin, it doesn't work a similar path inside the body.

They clarify that "devouring any liquor presents wellbeing dangers, however expending high-quality ethyl liquor (ethanol), especially on the off chance that it has been corrupted with methanol, can bring about serious wellbeing outcomes, including demise."

In a reality sheet regarding the matter, they compose that, "Liquor use, particularly substantial use, debilitates the invulnerable framework and in this manner diminishes the capacity to adapt to irresistible infections."

Since liquor is related to various sicknesses, it might make individuals increasingly defenseless against COVID-19.

27. Infusing or devouring dye or disinfectant murders the infection

Devouring or infusing disinfectant or dye won't expel infections from the body.

Dr. Wayne Carter, Associate Professor at the University of Nottingham's Institute of medication in the U.K., composes that "[d]isinfectants and fade are solid oxidizing specialists, valuable to eliminate microorganisms or infections when they are stored on surfaces, yet these operators ought not to be ingested or infused. These operators can cause extreme tissue consumes and vein harm."

Dr. Penny Ward, Visiting Professor in pharmaceutical medication at Kings College London, U.K., clarifies, "Drinking fade murders. Infusing blanch murders quicker."

(SOURCE: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/coronavirus-myths-explored#What-should-we-do?)

Protecting yourself and others from the spread COVID-19

You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions:

  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.

  • Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and others. Why? When someone coughs, sneezes, or speaks they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain the virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person has the disease.

  • Avoid going to crowded places. Why? Where people come together in crowds, you are more likely to come into close contact with someone that has COIVD-19 and it is more difficult to maintain a physical distance of 1 meter (3 feet).

  • Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth. Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose, or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and infect you.

  • Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately and wash your hands. Why? Droplets spread the virus. By following good respiratory hygiene, you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu, and COVID-19.

  • Stay home and self-isolate even with minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you recover. Have someone bring you supplies. If you need to leave your house, wear a mask to avoid infecting others. Why? Avoiding contact with others will protect them from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.

  • If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention, but call by telephone in advance if possible and follow the directions of your local health authority. Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.

  • Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources, such as WHO or your local and national health authorities. Why? Local and national authorities are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.

Advice on the safe use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers

To protect yourself and others against COVID-19, clean your hands frequently and thoroughly. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash your hands with soap and water. If you use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, make sure you use and store it carefully.

  • Keep alcohol-based hand sanitizers out of children’s reach. Teach them how to apply the sanitizer and monitor its use.

  • Apply a coin-sized amount on your hands. There is no need to use a large amount of the product.

  • Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, and nose immediately after using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, as it can cause irritation.

  • Hand sanitizers recommended to protect against COVID-19 are alcohol-based and therefore can be flammable. Do not use it before handling fire or cooking.

  • Under no circumstance, drink, or let children swallow an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. It can be poisonous. 

  • Remember that washing your hands with soap and water is also effective against COVID-19.

(SOURCE: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public)

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